Vapor-Clean & Related Studies

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Vapor-Clean & Malignant Hyperthermia

Do Activated Charcoal Filters with Pediatric Ventilator Settings Produce Clean Anesthesia Machines?
Radhamangalan J. Ramamurthi, MD, FRCA., Jonh G. Brock-Utne, MD, Ph.D., Christine G. Jette, MD. Stanford Univ. Med. Ctr., Stanford
A1244  October 11, 2014  1:00 PM - 3:00 PM Room Hall B1-Area B

Current Concepts in the Understanding of Malignant Hyperthermia
Tae W. Kim, MD, Henry Rosenberg, MD, Nina Nami, MD
Anesthesiology News 2014

Malignant Hyperthermia in the Ambulatory Surgery Center: How Should We Prepare?
Ronald S. Litman, D.O., Girish P. Joshi, M.B.B.S., M.D., F.F.A.R.C.S.I.
Anesthesiology June 2014 - Volume 120 - Issue 6 - p 1306–1308

Can modern anesthesia workstations be safely used for MH-susceptible patients?
Jeffrey Feldman, MD, in Technology, Computing and Simulation

Activated Charcoal Adsorption of Volatile Anesthestic Agents for Anesthesia Machine Preparation of MH-Susceptible Patients
Joseph W. Martin, RRNA, BSN, BA, Mark D. Welliver, CRNA, DNP, ARNP Texas Christian University
AANA Online Journal, June 2013

12 Hour Evaluation of Filters to Prepare an Anesthesia Machine for Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptible Patients
Robert Stoker, M.D., Mathew Romankowski, M.D., et. al., Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
Anesthesiology 2013

AANA's statement on MH including reference to the Vapor-Clean


UKMHR recommends that all anesthesia departments utilize the Vapor-Clean

The European MH Group's statement on the Vapor-Clean

Activated Charcoal Effectively Removes Inhaled Anesthetics from Modern Anesthesia Machines
Nathaniel Birgenheier, Robert Stoker, Dwayne Westenskow, and Joseph Orr
Anesth Analg published May 2011, 10.1213/ANE.0b013e318213fad7

Using Activated Charcoal Filters To Prepare Newer Anesthesia Machines for MH-Susceptible Patients
Nathaniel M. Birgenheier, M.D., Dwayne R. Westenskow, Ph.D., Joseph A. Orr, Ph.D.
Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Preparation of the Drager Primus Anesthesia Workstation for Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptible Patients
Heike Prinzhausen, F.R.C.A., Mark W. Crawford, M.B.B.S., F.R.C.P.C, Guy C. Petroz, M.D.
Department of Anaesthesia, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Preparation of the Datex-Ohmeda Aestiva Anesthetic Machine for Malignant Hyperthermia Cases
Kelly S. Shinkaruk, M.D., Kevin Nolan, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., Marylou Crossan, B.S.
Anesthesiology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Anesthesia for patients with a history of malignant hyperthermia
Frank Wappler, MD
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology 2010, 23:417–422

Preparation of the Draeger Fabius Anesthesia Machine for the Malignant–Hyperthermia Susceptible Patient
Joel B. Gunter, MD, John Ball, AS, BMET, Sean Than-Win, BMET

Preparation of the Draeger Fabius GSTM workstation for malignant hyperthermia-susceptible patients
Robert J. Whitty, MBBCh, Gail K. Wong, MBBS, Guy C. Petroz, MD, Carolyne Pehora, MN, Mark W. Crawford, MBBS

Accelerating the Washout of Inhalational Anesthetics from the Draeger Primus Anesthetic Workstation
Effect of Exchangeable Internal Components
Mark W. Crawford, M.B.B.S., F.R.C.P.C., Heike Prinzhausen, F.R.C.A., Guy C. Petroz, M.D.

Preparation of Modern Anesthesia Workstations for Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptible Patients
Author(s): TW Kim, ME Nemergut, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD

The Sevoflurane Washout Profile of Seven Recent Anesthesia Workstations for Malignant Hyperthermia-Susceptible Adults and Infants...
Nicolas Cottron, MD, Claire Larcher, MD, Agnès Sommet, MD, PhD, et. Al.
Anesthesia & Analgesia:July 2014 - Volume 119 - Issue 1 - p 67–75

Efficiency of activated carbon filters (Vapor Clean, Dynasthetics) for the preparation of 7 anesthesia ventilators before ventilation of adult patients and children suspected of maignant hyperthermia (French)
Delphine Kern, Olivier Lamouret, Matthieu Kurrek et. Al.
Anesthesie & Reanimation, Volume 1, Supplement 1, September 2015, Page A389

Effects of fresh gas flow, tidal volume, and charcoal filters on the washout of sevoflurane from the Datex Ohmeda (GE) Aisys, Aestiva/5, and Excel 210 SE Anesthesia Workstations.
Sabouri AS, Lerman J, Heard C.
Can J Anaesth. 2014 Oct;61(10):935-42. doi: 10.1007/s12630-014-0200-3. Epub 2014 Jul 29.